Customer Lifetime Value or CLV is commonly used in two areas in business – customer acquisition and customer relationship management.
The goal is to understand how much it will cost you to acquire valuable customers and retain them, so you’ll know if you’re making positive or negative revenue per client.
A study from Havas Media’s Meaningful Brands revealed that “a massive 77% of brands could simply disappear and no-one would care. This is a three-point rise in 2017 results!”
This is a reality you don’t have to face it if you can leverage customer lifetime value.
In this article, we’ll focus on customer retention and how to increase CLV in the process.
Customer Lifetime Value – What Is It and How to Measure It?
This represents the expected revenue that is calculated using a dollar value or an index that is earned from a customer over their lifetime, taking into consideration all the possible products they will purchase.
The result of your calculation may yield either a positive or negative revenue.
The former refers to all actual and potential revenue that is generated from product and service sales. The latter, on the other hand, refers to possible loss of revenue due to a customer defecting before their expected lifetime.
Through measuring CLV, a business can:
- Identify and control how much to spend on acquiring or retaining a customer.
- Calculate the cost per channel used in acquiring customers.
- Maximize the lifetime value of a customer.
- Identify which promotion to offer which client or customer segment to make the most profit.
- Help a business develop the best strategies to acquire and retain valuable customers.
There are different models of Customer Lifetime Value that are based on different calculation factors. These include sales history, future revenue earned from upselling/cross-selling, and churn modeling that calculates the loss.
Below is a formula commonly used:
CLV = (sale’s average value) x (number of repeat transactions) x (average retention time)
A little complicated, right?
Here is an example calculation:
Say you sell websites that cost anywhere from $2,000 to $20,000. Most of your customers pay $5,000 on average. This is now your revenue per average customer or average sale value.
Now, somewhere along the line (6 months after a website was built, for example), your customers came back to buy a maintenance package and other services, resulting in 1.5 annual repeat transactions. This went on for 3 years on average.
So, to calculate…
CLV = ($5,000) x (1.5) x (3) = $22,500
This means, the revenue you receive from each customer over the course of a lifetime is $22,500.
From this amount, you’ll need to determine your actual profit. But that’s another topic for another day.
So, how do you increase the Customer Lifetime Value?
Tip 1: Create a positive onboarding experience
Remember churn modeling?
This factor in the overall calculation of CLV looks into the risk of a customer defecting or stopping the usage of a product or service for either 1 or both reasons below:
- Failure to understand what the product is about.
- Little to no value obtained from a product.
Both of these can be avoided or resolved by creating a positive onboarding experience.
- Understand your customers by recognizing their pain points, the unique obstacles they’ll likely encounter, and the outcome and solutions they desire. Then, tailor your onboarding strategy accordingly.
- Let customers know what to expect before they purchase a product. Make a clear list of the qualifying factors of a product and potential sticky points and setbacks. When they’re better prepared, they will not give up easily.
- Showcase the value of a product. How can it address your customer’s pain points? How will it provide for their specific needs?
- Constantly stay in touch long after you’ve sent the initial welcome message. Send emails if it’s the best way to contact them. Or, send push notifications for updates and promotions.
- Maintain the same positive experience. This is the best way to retain customers and encourage them to spread the word about your products and services.
- Track key metrics that measure the success of your customer-centric goals and help you monitor friction points and feedback.
Aim to be better than your competitors at this. Once you’ve made onboarding convenient for your clients, they’re unlikely to churn or move away from your brand.
Tip 2: Keep customers engaged
You want to increase the number of repeat transactions during a customer’s lifetime, as it is one of the components in the CLV formula.
This can be achieved by ensuring that your customers don’t forget you after their first purchase.
There are several ways you can be more visible to them.
According to the SuperOffilce, the average email open rate across all industries is 22.1%. It decreased compared to 2018. However, looking at the open rate trends, we can expect it will increase again in 2021. This shows that email marketing remains an effective tool to boost customer engagement.
Create the best strategy to send emails to your customers. Make sure each email is tailored and personalized for each recipient and then, automate the delivery process.
Automation options can take over nearly every step of the email marketing process, except content creation. Through the combination of skilled email creation and automation tools that personalize the email with consumer information, you will have an effective and engaging communication method.
Brands, both big and small, have learned in recent years that email marketing is necessary for building customer relationships. Consumers prefer email communications to phone calls, mail, or SMS. It gives the customers the power to open, view, or engage, and oftentimes they choose to interact.
Netflix, despite being a highly recognizable brand now, continues to engage their customers via email and encourage them to keep watching movies.
It’s no secret that some of the biggest brands use social media engagement to acquire new customers and retain existing ones.
Like any marketing strategy, however, you need to make your business stand out.
Take a look at how MoonPie used Twitter to their advantage. Even with limitations to the number of characters you can use, there are many tricks to get your message across.
- Gather behavioral data than can help you meet customers’ expectations.
- Maintain constant communication, a vital ingredient to a good relationship.
- Exceed customer expectations by constantly improving products and services.
- Ask for feedback and suggestions, so clients know you value their opinions and thoughts.
- Connect with customers via social media and other tools available.
- Show how you appreciate them by giving out rewards. Give loyalty discounts to a long-time customer. Create a loyalty program.
Create a sense of urgency
Doing so will not only increase engagement but also conversion. Burger Revolution, for example, keeps their fans informed about special items for the day via Facebook. This basically translates to a FOMO or the Fear of Missing Out strategy.
Amazon does the same by adding lines on product descriptions, such as “Only 7 stocks left.”
Tip 3: Provide High-Quality Customer Care
Poor customer service is a deal-breaker, no matter how popular your business is. And, most of the time, you get what you give. So, ensure excellent customer care at all times.
Here are some actionable tips for providing top-notch customer service:
- Go above and beyond the same way that a Burger King employee rushed to help a diabetic customer, even if it’s not part of their job
- Provide omnichannel support and 24/7 support
- Have Live-chat support because chatbots can backfire
- Create a Knowledge Base that customers can easily access
- Listen to customers’ feedback and act on them
- Figure out common pain points and solve them
- Offer personalized services/exclusivity similar to the detailed and highly useful tutorials that Adobe provides to their animator users
- Follow-through and deliver on your promises to build trust
Implement these strategies and follow customer service principles, and you’ll see a significant improvement in customer retention.
Tip 4: Take advantage of customer success software
There are so many things to track in business. You’re probably stressing over boosting your eCommerce sales, too, and maximizing your operations budget. It becomes so easy to get overwhelmed and lose sight of your goals. Well, you should use customer success software that will help you stay organized and make sense of the million little details about each of your customers.
Zoho CRM Plus, for instance, helps you deliver an exceptional experience to your clients via their extensive customer relationship management tools.
Gainsight, on the other hand, gives you the power to decrease customer churn and increase your revenue.
ChurnZero provides a variety of analytics tools that allow your company to analyze customer health and gives an in-depth review of both at-risk and high-profile users. It logs all activity then segments it into numerous different categories such as repeat customers, new customers, and more.
By combining detailed analytics tools and an easy to navigate the system, ChurnZero has helped many companies manage fast growth and to spur business development as well. In a case study on one of their successes, Red Canary, they showed how ChurnZero established processes that gave a higher level of customer visibility. With that, the customer success team was able to play to their strengths and manage substantial customer base growth and improve information security.
Whatever your niche or industry is, there’s a tool that you can use to stay productive and profitable.
Tip 5: Encourage repeat transactions
Repeat transactions are a great way to boost your CLV. You can encourage this by doing the following:
- Establish an annual billing cycle/long-term subscriptions. Make sure you show customers the value of paying yearly rather than monthly or quarterly.
- Upsell/cross-sell. As Helen Campbell, founder of Jazz Cat, said in a Forbes report, “By upselling or cross-selling your services appropriately you can help your client achieve their goal, for example, more time, peace of mind, or a solution to a problem.”
- Offer bundled products and temporary upgrades.
- Offer product protection similar to a 4-year laptop accident protection plan in case of liquid damage, screen failure, and other accidents.
Tip 6: Have a helpful, informative, and customer-centric website
A business website is a necessity these days, and proper thought must be put into its creation. For a website to help you retain customers, it should be:
- Fast-loading and well-designed. Faster page load speed is achieved by choosing the right hosting service. Hotscore explains the many factors that affect website performance.
- Accessible through mobile devices with no issues on display, navigation, and the like.
- Containing the needed and not-so-obvious details about your products and services.
- Featuring your customers on your website similar to Bizzabo’s artsy testimonial page.
- Having online-only promos from time to time
Tip 7: Reward loyal customers and make them feel like VIPs
- What better way to keep customers coming back than to make them feel extra special? Recognize their loyalty and give them treats.
- Give them something they did not know they’d need; surprise and delight, just like how Sugarfina Sweet Elite Club provides their loyal customers with luxury sweets.
Sugarfina’s rewards program is designed to treat loyal customers.
- Help the causes your customers support by making a donation.
- Send VIP insider deals and important promo info to loyal clients first.
- Celebrate special moments with them like birthdays and holidays
According to a study published on Emarketer, “58.7% of internet users believe earning rewards and loyalty points is one of the most valued aspects of the shopping experience.”
So, boost CLV by rewarding loyal customers.
Now, it’s your turn…
Now that you know how valuable customer lifetime value is to your business, you should act right away and look into data you can use to calculate CLV. Is customer relationship management costing you more money than it should?
Whether the numbers are high or low, implement the tips above to help boost customer retention and CLV.
Do you think your company has positive or negative revenue? Let us know in the comments.
Deana is an internet marketing specialist at Point Visible, a digital agency providing custom blogger outreach services. In her free time, she enjoys listening to music and singing karaoke. Also, her day just can’t start without a hot cup of coffee.